By Christophor Dishovsky, Alexander Pivovarov, Hendrik Benschop
This publication includes specific contributions within the region of protection opposed to chemical terrorism by means of specialists from former Warsaw Pact nations. Decontamination and scientific therapy are vital elements of safeguard from results after intoxications with chemical brokers. The booklet covers subject matters together with new techniques in pre-treatment and prophylaxis of nerve agent intoxication, and prognosis of publicity to chemical agents.
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Additional info for Medical treatment of intoxications and decontamination of chemical agents in the area of terrorist attack
To hemoglobin and albumin. , nerve agents, rely mostly on measurement of residual enzyme activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) in blood. More specific methods involve analysis of the intact poison or its degradation products in blood and/or urine. These approaches have serious drawbacks. Measurement of cholinesterase inhibition in blood does not identify the anticholinesterase and does not provide reliable evidence for exposure at inhibition levels less than 20 %.
What makes this approach rather different from the mainstream international cleaner production (CP) movement is the desire to abolish the dominating “black-box” techniques. Instead of regarding a production facility as no more than a given set of benign inputs and polluting outputs, we insist that one should seek the best ways to affect a prospective cleaner object within the “black box”. As the major principle of cleaner economy, the systems approach is taken that deals with perfecting any nature-technology system at the various hierarchic levels, from environmental pollution sources to consumers, and takes into account the interactions and mutual effects of all important components.
To establish firmly to which chemicals casualties have been exposed to, which is a starting point for adequate medical treatment, or for health surveillance of workers in destruction facilities of chemical warfare agents. This 21 C. Dishovsky et al. ), Medical Treatment of Intoxications and Decontamination of Chemical Agents in the Area of Terrorist Attack, 21–26. © 2006 Springer. Printed in the Netherlands. , nerve agents and mustard agents. There are basically four methods to diagnose an exposure to a nerve agent: 1.