By M. Butler
Whereas Mexico's non secular heritage after the 1910 Revolution is usually essentialized as a church-state strength fight, this ebook finds the complexity of interactions among revolution and faith. taking a look at anticlericalism, indigenous cults and Catholic pilgrimage, these authors display that the Revolution used to be a interval of actual non secular swap, in addition to social upheaval.
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Extra resources for Faith and Impiety in Revolutionary Mexico (Studies of the Americas)
But, besides challenging private property, the ejido carried on its coattails the federal (and, after 1934, socialist) school. 126 Catholic condemnation and resistance therefore spanned the whole period of revolutionary reform. The nature of resistance was conditioned by state policy. The Church was not purely reactive: lay militants, from the LNDLR to the UNS, entertained a radical, alternative vision of a hierarchical, corporatist, God-fearing Mexico—hence their sympathy for Franco after 1936.
49 It was, I think, responsible for two developments: one general, one specific. In general, Huerta’s coup and its aftermath—the killing of Madero and Pino Suárez, the purge of maderista officials, the militarization of government—polarized Mexican politics. Madero’s benign view of politics— indeed, of human nature—gave way to more ruthless Realpolitik. ”50 Thus, while Constitutionalist leaders pledged to restore democracy and avenge Madero’s murder, they pursued this “Constitutionalist” mission with severe efficiency, notably in Sonora.
74 Unless we regard Calles and his cronies as extraordinarily obtuse (which Calles was not), we must conclude that anticlericalism was often a sincerely held belief, a genuine conviction whose implementation would, in the anticlericals’ eyes, result in a better Mexico. REVOLUTIONARY ANTICLERICALISM 31 But this was a minority conviction. Anticlerical ideas and policies were not only repudiated by the Church, but spurned by many Mexicans who fell into neither of the two antagonistic camps. Popular religion and superstition still flourished in defiance of both enlightened anticlericalism and official Catholicism.